Your guide to the EYFS & your child’s learning journey at KKPS


Welcome to Kids Kingdom Pre School

This booklet is to tell you about the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS); what your child will be learning and how you can support them at home. The EYFS covers the phase of children’s development from birth to the end of their time at KKPS, and if your child continues onto a British curriculum school, they will also be learning through the EYFS up until the age of 5. If you want to know even more about the EYFS there is a booklet produced by the Department for Education on the following website:

At Kids Kingdom the inside and outside environments are carefully planned into areas which allow children to make choices, develop independence and revisit experiences to reinforce their learning. We follow the children’s interests, carefully planning challenging and enjoyable experiences for children- in line with the EYFS Framework. Staff also evaluate learning and plan on a daily basis so that they can follow and support the individual needs of children.

When your child starts at Kids Kingdom, they will already have learnt a great deal and you will continue to be your child’s primary educator. When we work together we can provide the best learning experiences for your child.

If you have any further questions, about the EYFS or your child please speak to your child’s class teacher or Joanne Butcher, Group Operations Manager.

Areas of Learning

All areas of learning are important and interconnected. However, three areas are particularly crucial.

The three prime areas are:

  • Personal, Social and Emotional Development
  • Communication and Language
  • Physical Development

The four specific areas are-

  • Literacy
  • Mathematics
  • Understanding the World
  • Expressive Arts and Design

Frequently Asked Questions

What is my child learning at Kids Kingdom? There are several ways you can find out what your child is learning at Kids Kingdom:

  • Follow the Academic Planner which is provided to you upon admission
  • Follow our Facebook page for regular updates/photos
  • Talk to your child’s class teacher about what they have been learning that day. It’s always busy at the beginning and end of the session, but the staff are available to chat to and will make an appointment if you need more time, or drop you a phone call later.
  • Check out the displays in your child’s classroom and outside their class
  • Keep up to date with the weekly newsletter which is emailed to parents on Thursdays.
  • We have termly meetings with parents shortly after you receive a report about your child’s development, you will also have the opportunity to look through your child’s Learning Journey.

How can I share what my child is learning at home with staff?

  • Talk to your child’s class teacher
  • Encourage your child to bring items related to the themes from home
  • We value your input so please bring in photographs and notes that can be added to your child’s Learning Journey.

I want to support my child’s learning more

  • Talk to your child’s class teacher who will be able to give you more ideas suited to your child.
  • Ask us for resource ideas, websites, books to support learning at home.

The 4 Principles

There are four guiding principles which shape our practice.

A Unique child: Every child is a unique child, who is constantly learning and can be resilient, capable, confident and self-assured.

Positive relationships: Children learn to be strong and independent through positive relationships.

Enabling environments: children learn and develop well in enabling environments, in which their experiences respond to their individual needs and there is a strong partnership between practitioners and parents and/or carers.

Learning and Development: children develop and learn in different ways and at different rates.

The framework covers the education and care of all children in early years provision, including children with special educational needs and disabilities.

Characteristics of Effective Learning

The ways in which the child engages with other people and the environment— playing and exploring, active learning, and creating and thinking critically—underpin learning and development across all areas and support the child to remain an effective and motivated learner.

Playing and Exploring (Engagement)

This characteristic of effective learning involves:

  • Finding out and exploring
  • Showing curiosity
  • Using senses to explore
  • Engaging in open ended activities
  • showing particular interests
  • Playing with what they know Pretending with objects
  • Representing experiences
  • Role play
  • Acting out experiences
  • Being willing to have a go
  • Initiating activities
  • Seeking challenge
  • Showing a ‘can do’ attitude
  • Taking risks

Creating and Thinking Critically

This characteristic of effective learning involves:

  • Having their own ideas
  • Thinking of ideas
  • Finding ways to solve problems
  • Finding new ways to do things
  • Making links
  • Noticing patterns in their experience
  • Making predictions
  • Testing their ideas
  • Developing ideas of cause and effect
  • Choosing ways to do things
  • Planning, making decisions, solving problems and reaching a goal
  • Checking how well their activity is going
  • Changing strategy when needed
  • Reviewing how well their approach has gone

Active Learning (Motivation)

This characteristic of effective learning involves:

  • Being involved and concentrating
  • Maintaining focus for a period of time
  • Showing high levels of energy or fascination, paying attention to details
  • Keeping on trying
  • Persisting with challenges
  • Showing belief that more effort or a different approach will help
  • Bouncing back after difficulties
  • Enjoying achieving what they set out to do
  • Showing satisfaction
  • Being proud of their effort, not just the result
  • Enjoying challenge for its own sake, not for rewards

Expressive Arts and Design

Expressive Arts and Design involves enabling children to explore and play with a wide range of media and materials, as well as providing opportunities and encouragement for sharing their thoughts, ideas and feelings through a variety of activities in art, music, singing, movement, dance, role‐play, design and technology

At Kids Kingdom we sing and dance. We have a rich environment for encouraging creativity from using malleable materials such as dough and clay, paint mixing, collage, block play, role play and using a range of materials inside and outside. Children are encouraged to talk about their creations and these are valued ‐ it is the process and not the product which is important in supporting children’s learning.

What you can do to help your child:

  • Let your child listen to and sing songs and rhymes with you.
  • Dance with your child
  • Value your child’s creation.
  • Talk to your child about what they have done and listen to their ideas.
  • Use natural materials such as stones and twigs to create pictures outside.
  • Explore different materials and tools, such as paint, glue, crayons, pencils, scissors and hole punches.
  • Make play dough ‐ staff can provide you with a simple recipe to use at home.

Understanding the World

“Every child deserves the best possible start in life and the support that enables them to fulfil their potential. Children develop quickly in the early years and a child’s experiences between birth and age five have a major impact on their future life chances’’

(Statutory Framework for the Early Years Foundation Stage, 2012)

Understanding the world involves guiding children to make sense of their physical world and their community through opportunities to explore, observe and find out about people, places, technology and the environment. At Kids Kingdom, they develop their understanding of other cultures as we celebrate different festivals throughout the year. Children will also learn about recycling and growth, caring for the environment and nature.

What you can do to help your child:

  • Answer the ‘why?’ questions as best as you can and if you don’t know the answer try and find out together using the library or internet. Young children are naturally curious about how things work and why things happen.
  • Notice changes in the natural environment, such as autumn leaves falling or the first signs of spring and talk about these with your child.
  • Look at photos of family and friends ‐ talk about how we change as we grow older.
  • Plant with your child ‐ cress is easy and quick to grow or try sprouting carrot tops on a saucer or planting sunflower seeds.


Mathematics involves providing children with opportunities to develop and improve their skills in counting, understanding and using numbers, calculating including simple addition and subtraction problems; and to describe shapes, spaces and measures.

At Kids Kingdom, we provide opportunities for children to use mathematics through their play and real first-hand experiences, as well as playing ‘math games’. Mathematics is in every day experiences, from measuring ingredients when cooking, to working out how tall to build a tower of blocks and filling a plant pot with compost.

What you can do to help your child:

  • Use as many opportunities as possible to count with your child ‐stairs, fruit, buttons.
  • Look for numbers around you e.g. house numbers, bus numbers, telephone numbers
  • Cook with your child as this involves lots of counting and measuring
  • Calculate in everyday activities - laying the table for dinner is always a good opportunity for working out how many more we need.
  • Look for shapes around the home and as you walk around the local area.
  • Talk about the number of edges and corners and use the proper names for shapes.
  • Sing counting songs and rhymes together.


Literacy development involves encouraging children to link sounds and letters and to begin to read and write. Children must be given access to a wide range of reading materials (books, poems, and other written materials) to ignite their interest.

At Kids Kingdom, we provide a literacy rich environment, with plentiful opportunities for sharing fiction and non‐fiction texts and mark‐making activities both inside and outside, using traditional materials such as pens and pencils, but also brushes and water, or sticks in the sand. Children’s early marks are the basis of writing.

What you can do to help your child:

  • Children who are read to and enjoy books from an early age are most likely to be successful readers in the future. Try and share a book with your child as often as possible.
  • Encourage your child to turn the pages, talk about the book and notice familiar letters, such as letters from their name. You could point to the words as you read. Give your child lots of opportunities for making marks using different materials, e.g. writing shopping lists together, making cards, or drawing with chalk outside.
  • Notice print in the environment ‐ shop names, food labels and car logos are often instantly recognisable to young children.

Physical Development

This prime area of learning involves providing opportunities for young children to be active and interactive and to develop their co‐ordination, control, and movement. Children need to be helped to understand the importance of physical activity and to make healthy choices in relation to food.

At Kids Kingdom, children have the opportunity to use different sized equipment inside and outside every day. They are encouraged to take risks, learning how to keep themselves safe, for example, when climbing or using tools such as scissors. We support parents to provide a range of healthy snacks every day and children have the opportunity to cook and prepare food through our planned activities. Here at Kids Kingdom, we strive to run a healthy childcare environment which promotes healthy eating, if you are unsure what to provide in your child’s snack/lunch box, please speak to your child’s teacher or the setting manager.

What you can do to help your child:

  • Allow your child to safely use tools such as scissors, or to help you chopping vegetables such as mushrooms and peppers.
  • Talk about the food you eat at home, what is healthy and what is an occasional treat. Discuss other ways of staying healthy such as getting enough sleep or drinking plenty of water
  • Find different ways for your child to move when they are going home—can they hop or skip some of the way?
  • Go to the park regularly—it gives your child space to explore different ways of moving.
  • Teach your child to use a knife, fork and spoon.

Personal, Social and Emotional Development

This prime area of learning involves

  • Helping children to develop a positive sense of themselves, and others;
  • To form positive relationships and develop respect for others;
  • To develop social skills and learn how to manage their feelings;
  • To understand appropriate behaviour in groups;
  • To have confidence in their own abilities.

What you can do to help your child:

  • Play turn taking and sharing games with your child. These can be very difficult concepts for children to learn. Give lots of praise when your child shares to encourage this positive behaviour. This could be playing a board game, or taking turns kicking a ball to each other.
  • Talk about and name feelings with your child e.g. “I’m feeling cross because …” or “I’m feeling excited because we’re going to the park”. This will help children to understand their emotions and how to react.
  • Talk about and explain rules and boundaries. Children need boundaries BUT need to understand the reason for them, e.g. we don’t throw blocks because it might hurt someone, but it is OK to throw balls outside. Recognising you have similar boundaries at home will help children settle at school.
  • Encourage your child to tidy away their toys. They will be expected to help at school and it helps children learn about the value of caring for belongings and resources.

Communication and Language

This prime area of learning involves:

  • Giving children opportunities to experience a rich language environment;
  • To develop their confidence and skills in expressing themselves;
  • To speak and listen in a range of situations.

At Kids Kingdom, some of the ways we do this are by providing a wide range of first hand experiences which introduce children to new language; having lots of opportunities for high quality interactions with adults and with other children; and by sharing lots of stories and rhymes.

What you can do to help your child:

  • Speaking and listening are also the foundations of reading and writing.
  • Everyday activities, such as preparing a meal, going shopping or walking to and from school give you a chance to talk with your child, explaining what you are doing.
  • Books will have lots of new words for you to discuss with your child.
  • Share a story every day, talk about the pictures and ask your child to tell you about the story. Reading the same favourite story may get boring for you, but helps your child’s understanding of language.
  • Listen to your child telling you about a favourite activity or the painting they bring home which to you just looks like a blob of colour. “Tell me about your picture” will often lead to a long explanation!
  • Ask ‘why?’ – It’s your child’s favourite word, so try asking it back! It will encourage your child to think about what they are saying and to use reasoning.

“Play is essential for children’s development, building their confidence as they learn to explore, to think about problems, and relate to others. Children learn by leading their own play, and by taking part in play which is guided by adults.” (Statutory Framework for the Early Years Foundation Stage, 2012)

Practitioners must consider the individual needs, interests, and stage of development of each child in their care, and must use this information to plan a challenging and enjoyable experience for each child.”

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